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Monday, December 25, 2023

New York state guide

  Rajesh Kumar Rana       Monday, December 25, 2023

New York state guide
New York state flag

One of the most populous states in America (USA) is New York. It is home to about 19.5 million inhabitants (3rd place in the country) and this figure continues to grow. And all because it is here that the metropolitan city of the same name is located. 

New York state facts

Capital city: Albany

Nike name: Empire State

Origin of name: In honor of the Duke of York

10 largest cities (2012 est.): New York, 8,336,697. Brooklyn, 2,538,705. Queens, 2,277,251. Manhattan, 1,621,897. Bronx, 1,383,871. Staten Island, 481,026. Buffalo, 259,384. North Hempstead, 227, 058. Rochester, 210,532. Yonkers , 198,449

Land area: 54,555 sq mi (141,300 km2)

Geographic center: In Madison Co., 12 mi. S of Oneida and 26 mi. SW of Utica

Number of counties: 62

Flower:  Rose🌹 

Zip Codes: New York Zip Codes

General information of New York state

New York is the largest city in the United States, as well as one of the largest in the world, with a population of 8.3 million and an area of ​​1214 km2. It is located in the southeastern part of the state of the same name (therefore, the city itself is often called New York City to avoid confusion) on the shores of the Atlantic Ocean. The famous Hudson River flows through the city, the city is also divided by the East River, most of New York occupies the western tip of Long Island. The city was founded in the 17th century by the Dutch and was called New Amsterdam until 1664.

New York is divided into 5 administrative districts (boroughs):

  • Brooklyn
  • Manhattan 
  • Queens 
  • The Bronx 
  • Staten Island 

The main attractions are concentrated in Manhattan. These include world-famous skyscrapers ( Empire State Building , Chrysler Building ), UN Headquarters , Metropolitan Opera, Rockefeller Center and much more.


Convenient New York Harbor was first discovered by Europeans in 1524, when D. de Verrazano arrived here with his expedition. At that time, these lands were inhabited by the Indian tribes of the Delaware. The next time this place was visited by Henry Hudson as part of the Dutch East Indian campaign, and as a result, in 1626, it was decided to establish a Dutch settlement here, calling it New Amsterdam. It did not last long and was replaced by the current ambassador of the conquest of the city by the British.

New York is the first capital of the United States, it was in this city in Federal Hall that the inauguration ceremony of the first President D. Washington took place. New York did not hold out in this status for long (2 years, until 1790), then all state bodies were transferred to Philadelphia.

In 1792, one of the most important events took place, which contributed to the future establishment of the city as the financial center of the world - the opening of the New York Stock Exchange. Now it is the largest in terms of capitalization and plays a major role in the financial life of not only the United States, but the entire globe.

New York state Map

Population of New York


Population (2019): 19,453,561

 Due to its size, New York State boasts a very diverse ethnic composition. Most of the population is white - 65.7%. African Americans are about 16% here, which seems like a small figure.

 However, if we recall the total number of inhabitants of the territory, then we can understand that there are more blacks here than in any other state.

 Interestingly, in New York, Russian is one of the languages ​​in which all important documents should be printed. This suggests that there are also many Indian in the state. However, like the Spaniards, Creoles and Asians.

 The religious composition is also diverse. 40% are Catholics, 30% Protestants. Jews (8.5%) and Muslims (3.5%) are largely represented. According to these indicators, the state of New York takes one of the leading places.

Climate and weather


 New York has access to the Atlantic, and there are several highlands and lowlands on its territory. This forms a temperate continental climate, which can vary significantly from location to location. For example, in cities close to the ocean, the weather is warmer. In winter, it is about -3 degrees, in summer - 29.
 In the interior, the climate is colder. Average temperatures in winter months are -6 degrees, in summer - 25. In the west of the state, snowstorms and severe blizzards are frequent.



 New York's economy, like everything else here, is very diverse. The leading industries are securities trading, tourism, banking, services, telecommunications.

 Such world famous companies as IBM, MasterCard, Colgate-Palmolive, PepsiCo and others are based here.

 Nonferrous metallurgy, chemical, food, oil refining and mining (sand, salt, zinc) industries are also well developed.

 Different cities in the state have different specializations. For example, Ontario is famous for its vineyards, Rochester - for photographic and optical devices, Utica - for machine-building plants.


New York state attractions

New York state guide

The main attractions of New York

Central Park is a large green area (4000 x 800 meters) right in the middle of Manhattan's skyscrapers. It has several artificial lakes, many alleys, playgrounds and two ice rinks.

The American Museum of Natural History is one of the most famous and popular museum complexes not only in New York and the United States, but throughout the world.

St. Patrick's Cathedral . The most famous Catholic cathedral in America. Its location adds originality - there are many skyscrapers and expensive shops around, which allows it to stand out from the rest of the buildings.

Rockefeller Center is a large complex in downtown Manhattan of 19 buildings. In fact, it is a "city within a city" - being the business center of New York, it has everything you need for life: from cafes and restaurants to theaters and squares.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art is one of the largest museums in the world, in fact, a city of art, located in the very center of the city.

Soho is the richest and most luxurious neighborhood in Manhattan in New York. It is limited to four streets, one of which was named after.

The Empire State Building is one of the most important symbols of not only New York, but also the United States. The building is located 443 meters high in Manhattan.

The Central Station building is an operating station, which is more than 140 years old.

Museum of Contemporary Art. Now almost every capital has a similar museum, but the very first, thanks to the Rockefeller family, was opened just in New York in 1929. Its goal is to unleash the potential of young generations of artists and attract new people to this non-standard art form.

Times Square is one of the most vibrant and emblematic places in the city. It is named after the newspaper of the same name, whose main office was once located here. Located at the intersection of Broadway and 7th Avenue.

The Public Library of New York is a huge network of 87 divisions and is located simultaneously in several areas of the city: Manhattan, Queens, Staten Island, Brooklyn and the Bronx.

The Statue of Liberty is one of the most famous sculptures in the world, a symbol of the United States. It was donated to the Americans by the French in 1876 in honor of the centenary of the signing of the Declaration of Independence.

Fifth Avenue is one of the most luxurious streets in New York, which is home to many expensive shops and boutiques.

Chrysler Building - at the time of construction it was the tallest building in the world, now it is simply one of the main symbols of the city.

Broadway is one of the oldest large streets in New York, also the widest and longest. It is noteworthy that only one-way traffic is allowed on it.

Brooklyn Bridge. The building, unique at the time of its opening (1883), is the first bridge on steel cables and the longest at that time.

Bronx Zoo. Opened in 1899, it has an area of ​​about 1 square km and is home to more than 4 thousand animals.

Useful information for tourists

Since New York is a popular tourist destination, there are a huge number of hotels in it. Most tourists want to stay in Manhattan and this is not surprising, because this is where most of the city's attractions are concentrated. The hotel can be found in any price range, but there are practically no too cheap - many of them are above the average price range. If you want to save money, you can rent a hotel in the neighboring area of ​​New Jersey, it is not far away and the prices there are more democratic.

Despite the fact that the times when New York was a big criminal city are long gone, you shouldn't relax anyway. Local thieves will not miss the opportunity to steal from an inattentive tourist, so keep an eye on your belongings and keep them with you at all times. If you are offered to play something on the street or just borrow a couple of dollars, just ignore it.

There are many ways to get around the city: metro, taxi, bus, ferry and even a cable car. The cost for all these types of transport (except for taxi and ferry) is the same and is $ 2. The average price of a taxi ride is about $ 10 The most important thing is not to get lost, if it did happen, contact the policeman, he will definitely help you.

More interesting articles about New York:

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