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Monday, December 25, 2023

History of the Statue of Liberty: how, who and why it was built

  Rajesh Kumar Rana       Monday, December 25, 2023

The Statue of Liberty, as a symbol of the United States, is located on Liberty Island, a small island west of Manhattan in New York City, USA. She holds a torch and stands at the entrance of New York Harbor, watching the metropolis day and night. The millions of immigrants who settled in the United States. In 1984, it was included in the World Heritage List. When we talk about the Statue of Liberty, its image quickly comes to mind as if we saw it every day, but do we really know who and how was the Statue of Liberty built?


The Statue of Liberty is a gift from the French people to the American people in 1884. It is a symbol of freedom. The statue is 46 meters high and the base is about 100 meters high. It was the tallest monumental building in the world at that time. Its full name is "Liberty". Statue of Goddess Bronze Statue National Monument", the official name is "The Statue of Liberty Illuminating the World". The entire bronze statue is made of 120 tons of steel as the skeleton, 80 tons of copper sheet as the outer skin, and is fixed on the bracket with 300,000 rivets. With a weight of 225 tons, the steel bracket inside the bronze statue was designed and manufactured by the architect Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi and the French engineer Alexandre Gustave Eiffel, who is famous for building the Eiffel Tower in Paris.

The goddess has her lips tightly closed, wears a radiant crown, wears a loose Roman-style robe, holds a torch several meters long in her right hand that symbolizes freedom, and holds a book in her left hand, engraved with Roman numerals on the "American Declaration of Independence". Date--July 4, 1776. There are broken chains scattered on the feet, and the right heel is raised to make a march. The overall image is a person who breaks free from the shackles and walks forward. The goddess is majestic and resolute. A sense of inviolability. And its dignified and plump figure is like an ancient Greek beauty, which makes people feel kind and natural. When night fell, the light from the base of the statue shone upwards, reflecting the goddess like a light blue jade sculpture. And the light emitted from the windows of the goddess's crown seems to be dotted with a string of golden lights on the goddess's head, adding a rather spectacular night scene to the bustling and noisy metropolis.

The story of the Statue of Liberty tells that it was built to commemorate the independence of the United States and show it as a free country. The construction of the Statue of Liberty began six years before the centenary of this significant date, in order to be able to grant the country this architectural marvel on the agreed date, although this ultimately did not happen.

Who built the Statue of Liberty

As noted, Gustave Eiffel, before starting to build the tower that would bear his name, was in charge of designing the internal skeleton of the Statue of Liberty. This skeleton was the tallest iron structure built so far. To prevent the 1,350 iron anchors that the statue had in the form of ribs from impacting the copper of its external structure, the supports were clad in copper.

The question of who built the Statue of Liberty can also be answered by naming the French sculptor Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi , who, it is said, was inspired by his mother's face to recreate that of the sculpture, although many other historians point which is made based on the models of Greek architecture.

The particular skin that covers the lady who represents freedom is actually copper. The greenish or bluish color that it presents today is due to the action of the water that has oxidized this coating.

How the Statue of Liberty was built

For the construction of the Statue of Liberty, 300 copper panels were necessary that covered the external part of the iron structure that is kept inside. In total, the Statue of Liberty weighs about 225 tons spread over its 46-meter length, not counting the pedestal on which it stands and with which it reaches 93 meters.

The construction of the Statue of Liberty took place in Paris and the statue was erected there in its entirety except for its pedestal, whose works, as well as their support, would be provided by the United States. The history of the Statue of Liberty hides data such as its arrival in this country. Although the story that this monument was a gift from France to the United States is well known, it is not so well known that it did not arrive in time for the day, or the year, in which the centennial of its independence was commemorated. The problem fell on the aforementioned pedestal that the United States had to build, its work was delayed due to lack of funds and it only came to fruition with private investment.

How was the statue of liberty built?
America's most famous immigrant, The Statue of Liberty, was constructed in Paris starting in 1883, then taken apart and shipped to America in pieces. Here, back in 1883, the Statue of Liberty's completed head was displayed in a park in Paris.
Image source: manhhai/Flickr

How was the statue of liberty built?
In 1984 Lady Liberty's torch was lowered for repairs. The statue's current torch, which is a copper flame covered in 24K gold, was completed in 1986. It's seen here under construction in 1984 and 1985.

In 1886, 110 years after American independence was declared, the Statue of Liberty traveled from one continent to another by ship in 350 pieces, counting rivets and assembly bolts. Upon his arrival, the statue was quickly erected and in October of that same year the inauguration ceremony took place.

Until its transfer to the United States, the story of the Statue of Liberty tells that it stood crowning the city of Paris for a year and its head, including its seven-pointed crown, was part of an exhibition.

The copper of the Statue of Liberty oxidized, giving rise to the color that it presents today, it is not the only change that it presents with respect to the original model. In 1982, a project began to replace the torch it holds with an exact replica to which fine 24-carat gold sheets were added to prevent further deterioration.

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